The 2006 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) is the second in a series of this type of survey conducted successfully in Papua New Guinea since 1996. The survey was conducted by the Population and Social Statistics Division (PSSD) of the National Statistical Office (NSO). Technical assistance for the survey was sought from International Consultants. The survey was jointly funded by the Government of Papua New Guinea (GoPNG) and Development partners with funding from Asian Development Bank (ADB), Australian Aid for International Development (AusAID), New Zealand Aid (NZAID), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and United Nations Childrens’ Fund (UNICEF).

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KEY INDICATORS REPORT (Summary)

Findings

  • Women have an average of 4.2 children.
  • The contraceptive prevalence rate of any contraceptive method among married women is 37%.
  • Infant mortality rate is 33 deaths per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality rate is 49 deaths per 1,000 live births.
  • 55% of births are delivered in a health facility.
  • 35% of children have received all basic vaccinations.
  • 62% of children 0-5 months are exclusively breastfed.
  • 69% of households have at least one ITN.
  • 58% of the de facto household population have access to an ITN
  • 52% of children under-5 and 49% of pregnant women slept under an ITN the night before the survey
  • 59% of women age 15-49 have ever experienced physical or sexual violence

Background Characteristics of Respondents

  • 15,198 women and 7333 men age 15-49 were successfully interviewed.
  • A majority of respondents are Christians, with 25% of women and 24% of men are Roman Catholics.
  • Majority of respondents are currently married or living with a partner (66% of women and 54% of men)
  • 87% of women and men live in rural areas.
  • About 41% of men and 39 % of women live in the Highlands Regions. Lowest in Islands Region (about 20%)
  • 27% of women and 34% of men have attained secondary or higher level of education.  23% of women and 13% of men have never attended school.

Fertility

Births per woman for the 3-year period before the survey.

Fertility

Total Ferility Rate, 1996 - 2016 DHS

Births per woman for the 3-year period before the surveys

Total Fertility 1996-2016

Teenage Childbearing by Education

Percent of women age 15-19 who are mothers or pregnant with their first child.

Teenage Childbearing by Education

*Results based on fewer than 25 unweighted cases and has been suppressed

Teenage Childbearing, 1996 - 2016 DHS

Percent of women age 15-19 who are mothers or pregnant with their first child

Teenage Childbearing 1996 - 2016

Fertility Preferences of Married Women

Percent distribution of currently married women age 15-49 by desire for children.

Fertility Preference of Married Women

Current Use of Contraception

Percent of currently married women age 15-49.

Current Use of Contraception

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate, 1996-2016 DHS

Percent of currently married women age 15-49.

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate 1996-2016 DHS

Contraception Use, 1996-2016 DHS

Percent of currently married women age 15-49.

Contraception Use 1996-2016 DHS

Demand for Family Planning

Percent of currently married women age 15-49.

Demand for Family Planning

Childhood Mortality 

Deaths per 1,000 live births for the 5-year period before the survey.

Childhood Mortality

Childhood Mortality, 1996-2016 DHS 

Deaths per 1,000 live births for the 5-year period before the survey.

Childhood Mortality 1996-2016 DHS

Antenatal Care (ANC) 

Percent of women age 15-49 with a live birth in the 5 years before the survey.

Antenatal Care

Delivery Care 

Percent of live births in the five-year period before the survey.

Delivery Care

Childhood Vaccinations

Percent of children age 12-23 months vaccinated.

Childhood Vaccinations

Advise and Treatment of Childhood Illnesses

Among children under 5 with symptoms of acute respiratory infection (ARI), fever, or diarrhea, percent whom advice or treatment was sought from a health facility or provider.

Advise and Treatment of Childhood Illnesses

Breastfeeding Status Under 6 Months

Percent distribution of youngest children under 6 months who  are living with their mother by breastfeeding status.

Breastfeeding Status Under 6 Months

Minimum Acceptable Diet by Age 

Percent of children age 6-23 months fed the minimum acceptable diet by age.

Minimum Acceptable Diet by Age

Ownership of and Access to ITNs

Ownership of and Access to ITNs

*Assuming one ITN covers 2 people

Use of ITNs

Use of ITNs

Knowledge of HIV Prevention Methods

Percent of women and men age 15-49 who know that HIV can be prevented by:

Knowledge of HIV Prevention Methods

Knowledge of HIV Prevention Methods 2

Comprehensive Knowledge of HIV among Youth by Residence

Percent of women and men age 15-24 with comprehensive knowledge* of HIV

Comprehensive Knowledge of HIV among Youth by Residence

*Comprehensive knowledge means knowing that the risk of getting HIV can be reduced by using condoms and limiting sex to one uninfected partner, knowing that a healthy looking person can have HIV, and rejecting the two most common local misconceptions about HIV prevention and transmission.

Experience of violence

Among women age 15-49, percentage who ever experienced:

Experience of violence

 Download the Key Indicators Report